Bipolar conditions are characterized by significant changes in the mood of an individual facing depressive, hypomanic or manic episodes, that is to say, different emotional poles.
Sometimes a person can present a persistently high mood, be expansive or irritable, and present an abnormal and concise increase in activity or energy (Hypomanic Episode), sometimes there may be a break with reality (Manic Episode) and at other times feel significant decrease in interest or pleasure in all or almost all activities, loss or gain of weight, insomnia or hypersomnia, fatigue, feeling of uselessness or excessive guilt, decreased ability to think, recurrent death thinking, feeling of emptiness or sadness (Depressive Episode).
In many cases, the mania episodes are difficult to differentiate and their damage is more noticeable from the outside, therefore, the family is an important factor in the process for identifying the treatment.
These mood swings characteristic of bipolar disorder differ significantly from the changes that all people can have in their regular life. In the bipolar condition, there is a greater intensity in moods along with sleep disturbances, energy level and ability to think logically. Symptoms can cause disruptions in interpersonal relationships, school, work or family bonds.
Not taking any treatment can be dangerous as it exposes the patient to high-risk activities, to try to harm himself and others or to try to commit suicide. However, through a multidisciplinary treatment people can lead a healthy and successful life, the first step is to seek help.